APPLICATIONS OF EXPONENTIAL AND
LOGARITHMIC FUNCTIONS

APPLICATIONS OF EXPONENTIAL AND LOGARITHMIC FUNCTIONS

(Population Word Problems)

To solve an exponential or logarithmic word problem, convert the narrative to an equation and solve the equation. In this section, we will review population problems.

Example 7: Suppose that you are observing the behavior of cell duplication in a lab. In one experiment, you started with 100,000 cell and observed that the cell population decreased by half every minute. Write an equation (model) with base tex2html_wrap_inline153 to determine the number of cells (size of population) after t minutes.

Solution and Explanations:

First record your observations by making a table with two columns: one column for the time and one column for the number of cells. The amount of cells depends on the time. If you were to graph your findings, the points would be formed by (specific time, number of cells at the specific time). For example at t = 0, there is are 100,000 cells, and the corresponding point is (0, 100,000). At t = 1, there are 50,000 cells, and the corresponding point is (1, 50,000). At t = 2, there are 25,000 cells, and the corresponding point is (2, 25,000). At t = 3, there are 12,500 cells, and the corresponding point is (3, 12,500).

You could also say that after 1 minute the population was

displaymath155

You could say that after 2 minutes, the population was

displaymath157

After 3 minutes the population was

displaymath159

The population formula is therefore

displaymath161

Example 8: Determine the number of cells after 10 minutes:

Solution and Explanation:

Example 9: Determine how long it would take the population (number of cells) to reach 10 cells.

Solution and explanation:

It would take a little more than 13 minutes for the population of cells to reach 10.

Example 10: Write an equation with base e that is equivalent to the equation

displaymath183

Solution and Explanation:

The exponential equation

displaymath241

with base e is equivalent to the exponential equation

displaymath183

with base tex2html_wrap_inline153 . Note that the natural log of the base tex2html_wrap_inline153 is also the relative growth rate when the base is e.

By now you may have concluded that in the equation

displaymath261

the 100,000 represents the value at the start of the study (t = 0) and the -0.693147 represents the relative rate of growth or decline with respect to the base e.

If you would like to work another example, click on Example

[Menu Back to Solving Word Problems] [Menu Back Population Word Problems]

[Exponential Rules] [Logarithms]

[Algebra] [Trigonometry ] [Complex Variables]

S.O.S MATHematics home page

Do you need more help? Please post your question on our S.O.S. Mathematics CyberBoard.

Author: Nancy Marcus

Copyright 1999-2017 MathMedics, LLC. All rights reserved.
Contact us
Math Medics, LLC. - P.O. Box 12395 - El Paso TX 79913 - USA
users online during the last hour