SOLVING LOGARITHMIC EQUATIONS


Note:

If you would like an in-depth review of logarithms, the rules of logarithms, logarithmic functions and logarithmic equations, click on logarithmic function.



Solve for x in the following equation.


Example 3:

$\log _{\displaystyle \frac{2}{3}}\left( 4x-11\right) ^{7}=105$


The above equation is valid only if $\left( 4x-11\right) ^{7}>0$ or $x>
\displaystyle \frac{11}{4}.$ The domain is the set of real numbers greater than $\displaystyle \frac{11
}{4}.$


Simplify the left side of the equation using the rules of logarithms.

\begin{eqnarray*}&& \\
\log _{\displaystyle \frac{2}{3}}\left( 4x-11\right) ^{7...
...{\displaystyle \frac{2}{3}}\left( 4x-11\right) &=&105 \\
&& \\
\end{eqnarray*}
\begin{eqnarray*}&& \\
\displaystyle \frac{7\log _{\displaystyle \frac{2}{3}}\l...
..._{\displaystyle \frac{2}{3}}\left( 4x-11\right) &=&15 \\
&& \\
\end{eqnarray*}


Convert the equation to an exponential equation with base $\displaystyle \frac{2}{3}$.
\begin{eqnarray*}&& \\
\log _{\displaystyle \frac{2}{3}}\left( 4x-11\right) &=&...
...left( \displaystyle \frac{2}{3}\right) ^{15} &=&4x-11 \\
&& \\
\end{eqnarray*}
\begin{eqnarray*}&& \\
\left( \displaystyle \frac{2}{3}\right) ^{15}+11 &=&4x \...
...{\left( \displaystyle \frac{2}{3}\right) ^{15}+11}{4} \\
&& \\
\end{eqnarray*}
\begin{eqnarray*}&& \\
x &\approx &2.75057091457 \\
&& \\
&& \\
&&
\end{eqnarray*}

The exact answer is $x=\displaystyle \frac{\left( \displaystyle \frac{2}{3}\right) ^{15}+11}{4},$ the approximate answer is $x\approx 2.75057091457.\bigskip\bigskip\bigskip $


This answer may or may not be the solution to the original equation. you must check the answer in the original equation, either by numerical substitution or by graphing.



Numerical Check:


Check the answer $x=\displaystyle \frac{\left( \displaystyle \frac{2}{3}\right) ^{15}+11}{4}$ by substituting 2.75057091457 in the original equation for x. If the left side of the equation equals the right side of the equation after the substitution, you have found the correct answer.


Since the left side of the original equation is equal to the right side of the original equation after we substitute the value 2.75057091457 for x, then x=2.75057091457 is a solution.




Graphical Check:


You can also check your answer by graphing $\quad f(x)=\log _{\displaystyle \frac{2}{3}
}\left( 4x-11\right) ^{7}-105\quad $(formed by subtracting the right side of the original equation from the left side). Look to see where the graph crosses the x-axis; that will be the real solution. Note that the graph crosses the x-axis at 2.75057091457. This means that 2.75057091457 is the real solution.


You may have to change the original equation somewhat to graph it because most graphing calculators only have the natural log function and the common log function. Rewrite the original equation $f(x)=\log _{\displaystyle \frac{2}{3}}\left(
4x-11\right) ^{7}-105$ in the equivalent form $f(x)=\displaystyle \frac{\ln \left(
4x-11\right) ^{7}}{\ln \left( \displaystyle \frac{2}{3}\right) }-105$ and graph it





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