Using the formula above we obtain as the second degree Taylor polynomial:
No reason to only compute second degree Taylor polynomials! If we want to find for example the fourth degree Taylor polynomial for a function f(x) with a given center , we will insist that the polynomial and f(x) have the same value and the same first four derivatives at .
A calculation similar to the previous one will yield the formula:
(2) The factorial sign comes in handy: Recall that . For instance Mathematicians usually say that 0!=1.
(3) Recall that one writes for the nth derivative of the functionf. just means f(x).
With these notations, we can then write the nth term of a Taylor polynomial as
Thus we obtain the general formula for the nth Taylor polynomial of a function f(x) with center :
An alternative way of writing this--for the not easily Mathematese-intimidated-- is provided by the summation notation:
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