Slope Fields: Answer to Example 1

Example: Consider the autonomous differential equation

displaymath32,

where the graph of f(y) is given by

1.
Sketch the Slope Fields of this differential equation.
(Hint: the graph of the solutions and the graph of f(y) are two different entities.)
2.
Sketch the graph of the solution to the IVP

displaymath38

Find the limit displaymath40.

3.
Sketch the graph of the solution to the IVP

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Find the limit displaymath40.


Answer:

1.
Since we do not know the function f(y), we will only be able to sketch the slope fields. This will give us an idea about the behavior of the solutions. Therefore, we should be looking for the critical solutions (given by the roots of f(y)=0), and the sign of f(y) which will give the variation of the solutions. Note that we should be careful not to mix between the graph of f(y) and the graphs of the solutions y(t).
So, according to the graph of f(y), the critical solutions are y= -1, y=0, and y=1. Using the sign of f(y), we conclude that The sketch of the slope fields is given below.

2.
Using the slope fields, we sketch the graph of the solution satisfying the initial condition y(0) = 0.5.

Clearly, we have

displaymath51

3.
Using the slope fields, we sketch the graph of the solution satisfying the initial condition y(0) = -0.5.

Clearly, we have

displaymath51

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Author: Mohamed Amine Khamsi
Last Update 6-22-98

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