## SOLVING QUADRATIC EQUATIONS WITH RADICAL COEFFICIENTS

Note:

• A quadratic equation is a polynomial equation of degree 2.

• The ''U'' shaped graph of a quadratic is called a parabola.

• A quadratic equation has two solutions. Either two distinct real solutions, one double real solution or two imaginary solutions.

• There are several methods you can use to solve a quadratic equation :

1. Factoring
2. Completing the Square
4. Graphing

• All methods start with setting the equation equal to zero.

Solve for x in the following equation.

Example 1:

The equation is already set to zero.

Method 1:Factoring

The equation is not easily factored. Therefore, we will not use this method.

Method 2:Completing the square

Divide both sides of the equation by

Add to both sides of the equation:

Factor the left side and simplify the right side:

Take the square root of both sides of the equation :

Subtract from both sides of the equation:

The exact answers are and the approximate answers are 2.0646448.

The quadratic formula is

In the equation ,a is the coefficient of the term, b is the coefficient of the x term, and c is the constant. Substitute for a, for b, and for c in the quadratic formula and simplify.

The exact answers are and the approximate answers are 2.0646448 .

Method 4:Graphing

Graph the left side of the equation, (formed by subtracting the right side of the original equation from the left side of the original equation).Graph is nothing more than the x-axis. So what you will be looking for is where the graph of crosses the x-axis. Another way of saying this is that the x-intercepts are the solutions to this equation.

You can see from the graph that there are two x-intercepts, one at -3.355639 and one at 2.0646448.

The answers are -3.355639 and 2.0646448. These answers may or may not be solutions to the original equations. You must verify that these answers are solutions.

Check these answers in the original equation.

Check the solution x=-3.355639 by substituting -3.355639 in the original equation for x. If the left side of the equation equals the right side of the equation after the substitution, you have found the correct answer.

• Left Side:

• Right Side:

Since the left side of the original equation is equal to the right side of the original equation after we substitute the value -3.355639 for x, then x=-3.355639 is a solution.

Check the solution x=2.0646448 by substituting -2.0646448 in the original equation for x. If the left side of the equation

equals the right side of the equation after the substitution, you have found the correct answer.

• Left Side:

• Right Side:

Since the left side of the original equation is equal to the right side of the original equation after we substitute the value 2.0646448 for x, then x=2.0646448 is a solution.

The exact answers are and the approximate answers are

If you would like to work another example, click on Example

If you would like to test yourself by working some problems similar to this example, click on Problem

If you would like to go back to the equation table of contents, click on Contents

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Author: Nancy Marcus